NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has captured a region of Mars sprayed with mysterious secondary craters.
“Secondary craters form from rocks ejected at high speed from the primary crater, which then impacts the ground at sufficiently high speed to make huge numbers of much smaller craters over a large region,” NASA said in a statement on Tuesday.
“In this scene, however, the secondary crater ejecta has an unusual raised-relief appearance like bas-relief sculpture,” NASA added.
So how did that happen?
One idea is that the region was covered with a layer of fine-grained materials like dust or pyroclastics about one to two metres thick when the Zunil impact occurred (about a million years ago), and the ejecta served to harden or otherwise protect the fine-grained layer from later erosion by the wind, NASA scientists said.